Unleashing Your Brain: An Overview of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, commonly known as ADHD, is a neurodevelopmental disorder that affects children, adolescents, and adults. ADHD is characterized by symptoms such as impulsivity, hyperactivity, and inattention, which can interfere with daily functioning and social interactions.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ADHD is one of the most common neurodevelopmental disorders among children in the United States. The CDC estimates that 6.1 million (9.4%) of U.S. children aged 2-17 years had ever been diagnosed with ADHD as of 2016, and this number is increasing every year.
In addition to affecting children, ADHD can also persist into adulthood. The prevalence of adult ADHD is estimated to be around 2.5% in the general population. However, since ADHD is often undiagnosed or misdiagnosed in adults, the actual prevalence of adult ADHD may be much higher.
The causes of ADHD are not completely understood. However, research suggests that genetics, brain development, and environmental factors may all play a role. Risk factors for developing ADHD include a family history of the disorder, premature birth, low birth weight, maternal smoking during pregnancy, and exposure to toxins such as lead.
The diagnosis of ADHD involves a comprehensive evaluation by a healthcare professional, including a medical history, physical examination, and consideration of the patient's symptoms. Treatment for ADHD typically includes medication, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and/or behavioral interventions.
In conclusion, ADHD is a prevalent neurodevelopmental disorder affecting millions of individuals of all ages in our society. While the exact causes of ADHD are still being studied, effective treatments exist to help those with the disorder manage their symptoms and lead fulfilling lives.
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