The leaves are changing colors, pumpkin spice flavors are in the air, and the days are getting shorter. For many people, this time of year brings about the challenges of seasonal affective disorder (SAD), a form of depression that occurs during specific seasons, usually in fall and winter. In this blog post, we'll explore what seasonal affective disorder is, the science behind it, and some useful tips for coping with its effects.
1. What is Seasonal Affective Disorder?
Seasonal Affective Disorder, appropriately abbreviated as SAD, is a type of depression that is related to the change in seasons. SAD typically begins and ends around the same time each year, with symptoms usually starting in the fall and continuing through the winter months. It is estimated that about 5% of the population experience SAD, with women being affected four times more than men.
The symptoms of SAD can include:
2. The Science Behind Seasonal Affective Disorder.
While the exact cause of SAD is still unclear, researchers believe it is related to the body's internal clock, levels of certain brain chemicals, and the availability of sunlight. Some factors that may explain why certain people develop SAD include:
3. Tips to Cope with Seasonal Affective Disorder.
While dealing with SAD can be challenging, there are strategies and tools available to help cope with its effects. Here are some tips to consider: